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Item Name: Textile
Title: Untitled
Maker: Florence Ryder
Year: n.d.
Country: Canadian
Materials: fabric on burlap
Measurements: overall: 89.5 cm x 205.1 cm
ID Number: PC90.6

Extended Label Info: The hooked rug was developed in the Maritimes and eastern United States in the 1850s, and spread throughout North America as a thrifty and colourful home-craft. Master rug-maker Florence Ryder learned this method of working from her mother and used it as a medium for her artistic expression. Ryder also worked with her community’s artisanal collective, the Ta-Hah-Sheena Sioux Handcraft Cooperative, though only for only a short time, as she preferred being an independent artist. The experience with the collective had influence on Ryder’s designs. Her early works were often floral but she incorporated symbols based on traditional Sioux women’s decorative work. This hooked rug is an excellent example of Ryder’s later artwork, which continued to incorporate the symmetry and geometric forms derived from traditional Sioux aesthetics, but were also based on contemporary sources like books, magazines, television, and Pow-Wow events. To make the nap, or carpet loops, Ryder cut long, narrow strips of fabric from old clothing, primarily polyester pants, and pulled the loops of cloth through the burlap foundation with a crochet hook. She finished the edges with polyester wools. Florence Ryder (1944 – 2005) was born and lived on Standing Buffalo Reserve which is located northeast of Regina in the Qu’Appelle Valley in Treaty Four territory. She was an integral part of her large extended family, and a founding member of the Ta-Hah-Sheena Sioux Handcraft Cooperative which operated from 1967 to 1972. (The name “Ta-Hah-Sheena” is based on the Sioux word for the decorated hides that were used historically as capes in ceremonies, and lined the walls of Sioux homes and tipis.) Ryder’s artwork has been exhibited nationally and is held in private and public collections, including the Saskatchewan Arts Board and the Textile Museum of Canada.